Annual Exhaust Inspection 

The beginning of the boating season-the time of year that brings a mix of joy and apprehension for boat owners.  All of us are the same, you cross your fingers when uncovering your boat hoping that all your efforts during the winterization process paid dividends.  If you are fortunate, you are able to do some light cleaning and general maintenance and off to the lake.  If you are unfortunate, you can be in for some time, energy and money to get your boat in tip top shape.  While the task can seem daunting, careful examination and inspection of your watercraft at the beginning of the year can result in a long and enjoyable boating season.

For those of you that own an I/O or inboard powered boat, one of the main concerns centers around the condition of the exhaust components. These large cast-iron engine accessories are essential to the proper cooling and exhaust removal on any powerplant.  At first glance, these components seem to be simple but they are the end result of a highly engineered production process that is of paramount importance in regards to safety and performance.  Because of this, the H2O brand of exhaust products are produced with the following emphasis:

 

  • 1. Products are produced utilizing the latest tooling and an innovative casting process, eliminating         traditional casting leak points and ensuring proper cooling and performance.

  • 2. Manufactured from a high-grade cast iron material that is continually tested to ensure consistent mix and melt.

  • 3. Manifolds are 100% leak tested for unrivaled quality assurance.

  • 4. Mounting surfaces are CNC machined and the entire components coated with a baked enamel finish for proper installation and corrosion protection.

  • 5. Backed by a 3 YR warranty.

 

In short, when it comes to choosing replacement exhaust

components, no one offers a better quality choice than H2O;

manufactured by Quality Mark, Inc.

 

 While this is great information, how does that help the

average DIYer when it comes to deciding if the exhaust

components need to be replaced and how to replace

these components if necessary?  That is the focus of

this article.  We are going to examine the different types

and causes of manifold failures, the resulting damage that

can occur, and most importantly-how to change these

components yourself!

 

The first step is to physically examine the manifolds and

elbows/risers that are currently in service.  Take care to

notice any signs of discoloration or external leaking. 

Gasket failures will generally show a trail of corrosion

leading from the manifold/ riser deck surface (Fig. 1),

while any external

freeze damage will be evident in either loose/distorted

freeze pugs or a cracked or distorted area (Fig. 2). 

Once any of these signs are evident it is time to think

about replacing the offending component.

 

Unfortunately, the other type of exhaust failure is internal

and much more difficult to physically examine.  You must

look for the signs of potential failure elsewhere and trace

it back to the exhaust system.  Internal cracking or extreme

corrosion (Fig. 3) can result in water intrusion and exhaust

restriction.  At the onset, this intrusion can be evident by a

milky look to the engine oil, potential overheating, poor

performance, or a hard start/ turnover condition.  If not

caught or allowed to progress, this type of failure can lead

to catastrophic engine damage including seized engines,

bent components, and general motor mayhem and

nastiness.  Changing a defective exhaust component

will save you big $$ in the long run.

 

Luckily, changing the exhaust components themselves is

not difficult.  Note I did not say easy because one of the

inherent properties of cast iron is that these components

are heavy. Have no fear, if you eat your Wheaties and follow

some simple guidelines, you can change the components

yourself in a day or at the most, a weekend.

 

The first and easiest step is the removal of the old

components.  Depending upon the application and year

that you are working with, hose routing can either be

minimal or complicated.  If possible, take a few digital

pictures of the components and hose routings before

beginning disassembly (Fig. 4).  The more information

you document now, the easier it will be to reinstall later. 

Remove all the hose connections first, leaving the riser

and manifold in one piece and attached to the cylinder

block.  Remember, on inline four and six cylinder

applications special care will be needed as the exhaust

and intake manifold is one integral piece, requiring the

careful removal of the carburetor and related fuel

components as well.  Depending upon the strength of

your back or the number of assistants at your disposal,

you can remove the bolts that hold the entire assembly

to the cylinder head and remove all in one piece

(very heavy), or you can first remove the elbow

from the manifold and remove in pieces (still heavy,

but more manageable).

 

Now that the old components are removed and out of the

boat, place them aside and remove the new components

from the packaging.  This is a good time to physically

compare the two to make sure they look to be similar in

overall size and shape.  You might notice minor differences

between the components that you removed and the new

components that you are preparing to install.  These

differences occur over the production run of OEM engines

as components are refined and upgraded during their

production run.  H2O manifold products incorporate the

latest OEM enhancements in all their products so you can

rest assured that you are installing the latest and greatest

regardless of the engine that you are working on. 

 

Once you have determined that the products are correct for your application, now is the time to prepare these components for installation.  For quick reference, installation tips are included (Fig. 5).  At this time, you should remove the paint from all gasket surfaces and install any required plugs, elbows and drains in the new components.  If you are reusing or reinstalling any existing components, all mounting surfaces should be checked and trued at a local machine shop- uneven deck surfaces are the most common and most preventable cause of gasket leakage and failure. 

 

The installation process now becomes an exact reversal of the removal process.  Take time to reinstall the components slowly, making sure that all mounting hardware is installed and torqued to factory specifications.  All makes and models will have different specifications so consult the proper repair manual for the proper values.  Once all the main exhaust components are installed, reconnect all the hoses and any other attached componentry.  Now is the perfect time to consult your earlier photographs to ensure that everything is reassembled as required and to double check all connections.  A little time reviewing now can prevent an unwanted tow at a later date.

 

You have now completed the task of replacing your exhaust components.  Like all major service, the final step is to test the repair. While you can take the boat to the local lake, it is recommended to perform your first and initial test on the hose.  Using an engine flusher, start the engine and allow the engine to warm to normal operating temperature.  While doing so, check all the exhaust components and hoses for external leaks.  If the engine is leak free and does not overheat, you have successfully replaced your exhaust components.